IACL-AIDC.ORG

The International Association of Constitutional Law || l'Association Internationale de Droit Constitutionnel

trade

Les travaux de ce groupe de recherche ne se font qu'en Anglais. Cependant, pour faire une contribution en Français merci de contacter la coordination du groupe

This research group assembles an international panel of researchers with a comparative yet analytical approach to the study of Economic Constitutional Law.

About the Group:

Under the direction of Prof Gonzalo Villalta Puig of The Chinese University of Hong Kong, the International Association of Constitutional Law (IACL) convenes a Research Group for the promotion of Constitutional Studies of Free Trade and Political Economy. This research group assembles an international panel of researchers with a comparative yet analytical approach to the study of Economic Constitutional Law.

The research agenda and activities of the group acknowledge that free trade constitutionalises the political economy of jurisdictions. Free trade is a norm that conceives the trade in goods, services, labour, and capital among or within sovereign states as an exchange without government discrimination.

The establishment of the World Trade Organization (WTO) suggests that global systems of political economy have the constitutional norm of free trade at their foundation. The European Union (EU), for example, and other regional and sub-regional systems also have that normative foundation. It is an implicit assumption that local systems have that normative foundation too. The assumption holds true for unitary states. It also holds true for the United States of America, Commonwealth of Australia, Dominion of Canada, Republic of India, Federal Republic of Germany, Kingdom of Belgium, Federal Republic of Brazil, United Mexican States, Argentine Republic, Federal Republic of Nigeria, Malaysia, and other federal, con-federal (Swiss Confederation), quasi-federal (Kingdom of Spain), and non-unitary states.

However, unlike unitary jurisdictions, non-unitary jurisdictions rely on a constitutional guarantee of free movement of goods, services, labour, and capital among their constituent states. That guarantee is not always reliable because its judicial interpretation is subject to multiple considerations: doctrinal, practical, political, economic, and other. It is, therefore, the mission of constitutional courts in non-unitary jurisdictions to reconcile their sometime contradictory jurisprudence with the constitutional norm of free trade.

The successes and the failures of that mission can assist supranational and international jurisdictions to further develop their preferential and free trade areas, customs unions, single markets, and economic and monetary unions. Conversely, the free trade jurisprudence of supranational and international jurisdictions can assist the mission of constitutional courts in non-unitary jurisdictions to further develop their political economies. Thus, the judicial interpretation of the constitutional freedom of interstate trade comprises a valuable and viable subject of comparative and analytical study.

Further to that research hypothesis, the research thesis of the group is that the free trade jurisprudence of supranational and international jurisdictions is significant to the constitutional development of the political economy of non-unitary jurisdictions and vice versa.

The research group promotes comparative and analytical studies of the constitutional regime of the WTO as the only international jurisdiction in the area of trade and commerce, the EU, North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Caribbean Community (CARICOM), Central American Integration System (SICA), Andean Community, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), and other supranational single markets and economic and monetary unions, and the constitutions of the United States, Australia, Canada, India, Germany, Spain, Belgium, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Nigeria, Malaysia, and other non-unitary markets.

Membership of the research group gives scholars the opportunity to undertake analytical and comparative research projects on Economic Constitutional Law and develop the discipline at a global level through the exchange and transfer of their collective expertise. Members then have the opportunity to collaborate with the very best scholars of Economic Constitutional Law in other jurisdictions: federal, con-federal, quasi-federal, supranational, and international.

The research group welcomes constitutional and public law scholars everywhere with a research interest in Economic Constitutional Law, International Economic Law, Trade and Commercial Law, and (Comparative) Federalism and Federal Political Systems and inter-disciplinary interests in Political Science and Economics. In that respect, the research group endeavours to work closely with the Society of International Economic Law (SIEL) and the International Association of Centers for Federal Studies (IACFS) as well as the Forum of Federations and its Global Dialogue on Federalism program.

The research group functions within but, nevertheless, autonomously of the IACL in accordance with its own rules and timetables. It endeavours to assemble at the IXth World Congress of the IACL and regularly in the meantime but otherwise maintains a permanent online dialogue as it develops new research projects: workshops, collections, surveys.

Convenor:

Dr Gonzalo Villalta Puig
Professor of Law / Director of the Master of Laws Programme in International Economic Law
Faculty of Law
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
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http://www.law.cuhk.edu.hk/people/gonzalo-villalta-puig.php

Dr Gonzalo Villalta Puig is Professor of Law at The Chinese University of Hong Kong and Director of its Master of Laws Programme in International Economic Law. Prof Villalta Puig is a Solicitor of the Senior Courts of England and Wales and a Barrister and Solicitor of the High Court of Australia. He is a Fellow of The Higher Education Academy.

Prof Villalta Puig is Convenor of the Research Group for Constitutional Studies of Free Trade and Political Economy of the International Association of Constitutional Law. He is also Secretary of the Hong Kong Branch of the International Law Association as well as the former Deputy Convenor of the Public Law Subject Section of The Society of Legal Scholars in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Prof Villalta Puig is Associate Editor of the Global Journal of Comparative Law (Brill: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers).

A specialist in Economic Constitutional Law, Prof Villalta Puig researches the role of constitutional courts in the constitutionalisation of free trade in non-unitary jurisdictions, mostly from a comparative approach. Prof Villalta Puig has a particular research interest in the economic constitutions of the European Union and the Commonwealth of Australia and the law and policy of trade relations between them. His other research interests include constitutional aspects of the economic and monetary union of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf and the Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement between the customs territories of China and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.

Members:

World Trade Organization (Customs Unions and Free Trade Areas)

  • Dr James Mathis
    Associate Professor, Department of Public International Law and European Law
    Research Fellow, Amsterdam Centre for International Law
    University of Amsterdam
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  • Prof Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann
    Professor of International and European Law
    European University Institute
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  • Dr Denise Prévost
    Associate Professor, Faculty of Law
    Deputy Academic Director, Institute for Globalisation and International Regulation
    Maastricht University
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  • Prof Peter Van den Bossche
    Member, Appellate Body, World Trade Organization
    Professor of International Economic Law, Maastricht University
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European Union

  • Prof Joseph HH Weiler
    Joseph Straus Professor of Law
    Director, Jean Monnet Center for International and Regional Economic Law and Justice
    New York University
  • Prof Piet Eeckhout
    Professor of EU Law
    University College London
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North American Free Trade Agreement

  • Dr Jorge Alberto Witker Velásquez
    Investigador Titular
    Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas
    Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
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Andean Community

  • Mr Humberto Zúñiga Schroder
    Andean Community
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United States of America

  • Prof Dan T Coenen
    Harmon W Caldwell Chair in Constitutional Law
    University of Georgia
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  • Prof Brannon P Denning
    Professor of Law
    Samford University
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  • Prof Norman R Williams
    Professor of Law
    Willamette University
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Commonwealth of Australia

  • Prof Gonzalo Villalta Puig
    Professor of Law
    Director of the Master of Laws Programme in International Economic Law
    The Chinese University of Hong Kong
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Dominion of Canada

  • Prof Armand de Mestral CM
    Jean Monnet Chair in the Law of International Economic Integration
    McGill University
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Republic of India

  • Prof Mahendra Pal Singh
    Vice-Chancellor
    West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences
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Kingdom of Spain

  • Dr Tomás de la Quadra-Salcedo Janini
    Profesor Titular
    Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
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Kingdom of Belgium

  • Prof Dominik Hanf
    Professor of European Law
    College of Europe
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Argentine Republic

  • Prof Daniel A Sabsay
    Profesor Titular de Derecho Constitucional
    Universidad de Buenos Aires
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United Mexican States

  • Dr José María Serna de la Garza
    Investigador Titular
    Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas
    Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
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Federative Republic of Brazil

  • Prof Elival da Silva Ramos
    Professor Titular
    Departamento de Direito do Estado
    Universidade de São Paulo
    Procurador Geral do Estado de São Paulo
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Federal Republic of Nigeria

  • Prof Deji Adekunle
    Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies
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  • Prof Ameze Guobadia
    Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies
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  • Prof Oyelowo Oyewo
    Professor of Constitutional and Administrative Law
    Dean, Faculty of Law
    University of Lagos
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Malaysia

  • Prof Datuk Shad Saleem Faruqi
    Professor of Law
    Universiti Teknologi MARA (Shah Alam, Malaysia)
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