Objet du groupe

Le groupe réunit des chercheurs qui explorent le rôle des constitutions dans la gestion du pluralisme social et territorial et qui tentent de définir le cadre pour traiter de la diversité d’une manière holistique. Ce faisant, le groupe de recherche étudie les solutions fédérales, les ententes d’autonomie, les droits des minorités, les politiques linguistiques, les règles en matière de droits de la personne, le pluralisme démocratique/politique et les instruments participatifs. Le cadre constitutionnel dans ce domaine doit être examiné en termes plus larges, c’est-à-dire dans une analyse comparative des constitutions nationales (nationales et infranationales) ainsi que de considérer les obligations internationales et supranationales. La plupart des approches consolidées des études fédérales et des droits des minorités ne fournissent pas de réponses constitutionnelles viables aux revendications croissantes en faveur du pluralisme social et territorial. Presque toutes les ententes fédérales ou quasi fédérales élaborées au cours des trois dernières décennies visent à accorder une autonomie gouvernementale plus large aux groupes minoritaires au sein des États. Une telle approche, cependant, ne se révèle pas assez solide pour répondre aux demandes de reconnaissance, ainsi qu’un système efficace de gouvernance. Le constitutionnalisme contemporain exige l’inclusion d’une variété toujours plus grande d’intérêts et d’intervenants dans les processus décisionnels, ce qui remet en question le droit-décideurs et fonctionnaires en matière de gouvernance et de gestion du pluralisme de société. Pour assurer une bonne gouvernance et une grande réceptivité du public aux politiques, il faut accorder plus d’attention non seulement à la façon dont les institutions réglementent le pluralisme, mais aussi à l’impact pratique des cadres réglementaires sur la gestion de la complexité sociétale dans divers domaines politiques.

Dans ce contexte, le groupe de recherche étudie comment le constitutionnalisme affecte la gouvernance de la complexité sociétale et dans quelle mesure la gestion du pluralisme sociétal nécessite à la fois un réexamen du cadre conceptuel de la gouvernance de la diversité, et une refonte de ses agendas de recherche empirique traditionnellement liés. S’appuyant sur les études sur le pluralisme juridique, la démocratie à plusieurs niveaux, le droit constitutionnel transnational, la fragmentation de l’autorité ainsi que la multiplication des revendications (ascendantes), ce groupe de recherche poursuit un triple objectif. Premièrement, il contribue à réviser le cadre conceptuel de la gouvernance de la diversité. Deuxièmement, il élabore des études (constitutionnelles comparatives) sur la façon dont le pluralisme de société est réglementé dans divers domaines politiques. Troisièmement, elle a un impact pratique sur la circulation des approches de gouvernance de la diversité à des politiques spécifiques à travers les traditions académiques et les continents.

Indicative activities

Monitoring of the developments in the area of comparative federalism, minority rights, participatory democracy, deliberative constitutionalism, legal pluralism, multilevel democracy;

Analysis of the division of powers among levels of government and of individual policy areas in which these dimensions come together, such as the environment, education, immigration, social affairs, religious diversity, cross-border cooperation as well as deliberative decision-making and financial intergovernmental relations;

Organizing seminars, workshops and conferences on the mentioned issues;

Bringing together different institutions, scholars and networks dealing with the topic of the research under the umbrella of the IACL;

Joint participation in calls and projects, including consultancy, can be considered;

Participating in ongoing researches, including by strengthening the cooperation with existing Research groups such as the ones on “Subnational Constitutions in Federal and Quasi-Federal Constitutional States” and on “Identity, Race and Ethnicity in Constitutional Law”. Some members of the groups also participate in these other groups and further synergy is being pursued;

Publication of journal articles, chapters in books, edited volumes and monographs in the mentioned areas;

Publication of entries in the IACL blog based on the partnership the Eurac Research Institute for Comparative Federalism has with the IACL blog.

Three book series edited by Eurac Research are already focusing on the topics of the Research Group

An online papers series for the Research Group is available: Diversity Governance Papers (DiGoP): Constitutional, Territorial and Societal Pluralism (the webpage is currently under construction, see the old paper series at http://www.eurac.edu/en/research/autonomies/minrig/publications/Pages/European-Autonomy-and-Diversity-Papers-(EDAP).aspx

Current members of the group

Elisabeth Alber
Senior Researcher, Institute for Comparative Federalism, Eurac Research, Bolzano/Bozen

Nicholas Aroney
Professor of Constitutional Law, The University of Queensland

Tracy Beck Fenwick
Senior Lecturer in Political Science, Australian National University, Canberra

Eva Maria Belser
Professor for Law, Institute of Federalism, University of Fribourg

Paul Blokker
Associate Professor of Sociology, University of Bologna

Ilze Brands Kehris
Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, UN, New York

Michael Breen
McKenzie Postdoctoral Fellow, School of Social and Political Sciences, The University of Melbourne

Joshua Castellino
Executive Director of Minority Rights Group International and professor of Law, Middlesex University

Sergiu Constantin
Senior Researcher, Institute for Minority Rights, Eurac Research

Yonatan Fessha
Professor of Public Law and Jurisprudence, University of Western Cape, Dullah Omar Institute for Constitutional Law, Governance and Human Rights

Anna Gamper
Professor at the Department of Public Law, State and Administrative Theory, University of Innsbruck

James Gardner
Bridget and Thomas Black SUNY Distinguished Professor of Law, Research Professor of Political Science, University at Buffalo School of Law

Georg Grote
Senior Researcher, Institute for Minority Rights, Eurac Research

Andrew Harding
Professor of Law, Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore

Rainer Hofmann
Professor of Public Law, public international law and European law, Goethe University Frankfurt

Soeren Keil
Reader in Politics and International Relations, Canterbury Christ Church University, UK

Karl Kössler
Senior Researcher, Institute for Comparative Federalism, Eurac Research, Bolzano/Bozen

Joseph Marko
Professor of Comparative Public Law and Political Sciences, Institute of Public Law, University of Graz and Head of the Institute for Minority Rights, Eurac Research, Bolzano/Bozen

Roberta Medda-Windischer
Senior Researcher, Institute for Minority Rights, Eurac Research, Bolzano/Bozen

Sean Müller
‘Eccellenza’ Assistant Professor, Institute of Political Science, University of Lausanne

Jaclyn Neo
Associate Professor of Law, Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore

Francesco Palermo
Professor for Comparative Constitutional Law, University of Verona and Head of the Institute for Comparative Federalism, Eurac Research, Bolzano/Bozen

Johanne Poirier
Peter MacKell Chair in Federalism, Faculty of Law, McGill University, Montreal

Patricia Popelier
Professor at the Law Faculty of the University of Antwerp

Günther Rautz
Co-head, Institute for Minority Rights, Eurac Research, Bolzano/Bozen

Petra Roter
Professor of International Relations, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana

Asha Sarangi
Professor, Centre for Political Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi

José María Serna de la Garza
Senior Researcher (Investigador titular), Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas, National University of Mexico (UNAM)

Ayelet Shachar
Director, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity

Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark
Director at the Åland Islands Peace Institute and associate professor of international law

Nico Steytler
Professor of Law, SARChi Chair in Multilevel Government, Law and Policy, University of Western Cape, Dullah Omar Institute for Constitutional Law, Governance and Human Rights

Nenad Stojanović
FNS Professor, University of Geneva

Markku Suksi
Professor of public law, Department of Law, Åbo Akademi University

Alexandra Tomaselli
Senior Researcher, Institute for Minority Rights, Eurac Research

Alice Valdesalici
Senior Researcher, Institute for Comparative Federalism, Eurac Research, Bolzano/Bozen

Asanga Welikala
Lecturer in Public Law and Director, Edinburgh Centre for Constitutional Law, Edinburgh Law School, University of Edinburgh

Jens Woelk
Professor for Comparative Public Law, University of Trento, and Senior Research Advisor, Institute for Comparative Federalism, Eurac Research, Bolzano/Bozen

Kerstin Wonisch
Researcher, Institute for Minority Rights, Eurac Research, Bolzano/Bozen

Jayampathy Wickramaratne
Director, Institute for Constitutional Studies, Colombo, Sri Lanka, currently guest researcher at the Institute of Federalism, Fribourg

The Research Group is open to further members.

Contact Details

  • Francesco Palermo
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  • Francesco Palermo is professor for comparative constitutional law at the University of Verona and head of the Institute for Comparative Federalism at Eurac Research in Bolzano/Bozen. He worked for the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities and was member and president of the Council of Europe’s Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities. Palermo is a member of the Scientific Committee of the Fundamental Rights Agency of the EU for the term 2018-2023. He authored over 300 publications, including 11 monographs and 31 edited volumes.
  • Joseph Marko
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  • Joseph Marko is full Professor of comparative public law and political sciences at the Institute of Public Law and Political Sciences at the University of Graz. He served as one of the three international judges at the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1997 to 2002. From 1998 to 2002 and from 2006 to 2007 he was a member of the Council of Europe's Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and is head of the Institute for Minority Rights at Eurac Research in Bolzano/Bozen. From 2011 to 2016, he served as dean of the law faculty at the University of Graz. Since July 2016, he has worked for the Special Advisor to the UN’s Secretary General Espen Eide as legal advisor in the Cyprus re-unification negotiations.

Further reference

  • Dr. Elisabeth Alber
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  • Elisabeth Alber is Senior Researcher and Program Head at Eurac Research, Institute for Comparative Federalism. She researches inter alia on deliberative democracy, federalism and decentralization as tools of conflict resolution, intergovernmental relations. She is the contact person for the DiGoP Series, and responsible for the partnership between Eurac Research and the IACL Blog.

Contact details

  • Francesco Palermo
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  • Prof. Dr. Joseph Marko
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  • Dr. Elisabeth Alber
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